- Adrian De Vito - CPA
September Tax Update
90,000 taxpayers ‘examined’ in ATO online rental blitz
The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) has announced a new data-matching program targeting taxpayers earning income from the exploding popularity of short-term rentals available on platforms like AirBNB and Stayz.
Utilising information from online platform sharing sites matched to information from financial institutions, the ATO is targeting 190,000 individuals to make sure they have not failed to declare or under declared rental income or have overclaimed deductions. In effect, whatever data your sharing platform holds on you will need to match what you have declared in your tax return. And yes, the ATO can potentially check what is coming in and out of your bank account.
The ATO states that there is no such thing as a “rental hobby” so even a one-off rental needs to be declared.
But it’s not just the income the ATO are concerned about; deductions claimed are also in the spotlight. The ATO is concerned that some landlords are not only overclaiming - for example, claiming deductions for the whole house when only one room is rented out - but claiming deductions when the accommodation is not genuinely available for rent.
If you do offer short term rental accommodation, there are a few tax ‘ground rules’:
Keep records (particularly if you are claiming deductions)
Any income from rentals need to be declared – even if it is a one-off rental
If you rent the property for income producing purposes, you can claim a deduction for the costs of earning that income
Any deduction claimed needs to be in proportion to the length of time the accommodation was rented, and in proportion to what was rented. That is, if you rent one room, you can only claim deductions for the expenses incurred relating to that portion of the accommodation for the time it was available.
Deductions are limited to the income earned where the accommodation was provided below market rates, for example to family and friends.
This activity might impact on your ability to access the main residence CGT exemption on the sale of the property.
SG Amnesty still pending
The proposed superannuation guarantee (‘SG’) amnesty is a one-off, 12-month opportunity to self-correct past non-compliance (i.e., from 24 May 2018 to 23 May 2019).
It will apply to previously undeclared SG shortfalls for any period from 1 July 1992 up to 31 March 2018.
The ‘carrot’ currently on the table is that employers who voluntarily disclose previously undeclared SG shortfalls during the amnesty (i.e., importantly, before the commencement of an ATO audit) will:
not be liable for the administration component and penalties that may otherwise apply to late SG payments, and
be able to claim a deduction for catch-up payments made during the relevant 12-month period.
This means that employers will still be required to pay all employee entitlements, including any unpaid SG amounts owed to employees and the nominal interest, as well as any associated general interest charge.
While the SG amnesty is being actively promoted by the ATO, it is important to be aware that the proposed concessions currently on the table are not guaranteed until the relevant legislation becomes law.
Note that the Treasury Laws Amendment (2018 Superannuation Measures No.1) Bill 2018 will not be considered again at least until Parliament resumes on 10 September 2018.
The Company Tax Rate Saga
In the last week of the August Parliamentary sittings, the controversial corporate tax cut plan for the big end of town (i.e., companies with an aggregated turnover of over $50 million) was defeated.
In addition, long-awaited legislation impacting the company tax and franking rates for small to medium companies (i.e., introducing a new ‘base rate entity passive income test’ from the 2018 income year to qualify for the lower 27.5% tax rate) was passed.
This legislation was particularly relevant for company rates applicable to passive investment and ‘bucket’ companies, which may now need to reconsider earlier lodged 2018 company tax returns, as well as the amount of franking credits attached to dividends paid from 1 July 2017.
Additionally, consideration may also need to be given to the company tax rates (and in certain circumstances, the franking rates) previously applied with respect to the 2016 and 2017 income years.
This is in light of the recently issued ATO compliance and administrative approaches for the 2016, 2017 and 2018 income years.
Unfortunately, the recent Government delays have created much confusion in this area, and in certain cases, a review and possible amendments may be required for previously lodged returns.
Black economy recommendations will impact day-to-day business
Recently issued draft legislation has focused on introducing new measures to manage the growing cash economy (i.e., the ‘black economy’) in light of the Black Economy Task force recommendations and recent Federal Budget announcements.
One of these key recommendations are outlined below.
Further expansion of the taxable payments reporting system (‘TPRS’)
The TPRS was introduced for the first time in the 2013 income year with respect to businesses in the building and construction industry, requiring the reporting of total payments made to contractors for building and construction services each year.
The taxable payments annual report is due by 28 August each year.
Legislation is currently being considered by Parliament to extend the TPRS to the cleaning and courier industries from the 2019 income year.
Furthermore, draft legislation has now been released to further expand the TPRS to the following industries from the 2020 income year:
security providers and investigation services;
road freight transport; and
computer system design and related services.
Crowdfunding donations to help drought-affected farmers
The ATO is currently offering various support measures to individuals and businesses from drought-affected communities to help with managing their tax and super obligations or who are struggling with their mental health.
It has also recently provided a summary of the potential tax impact of making donations to, or raising funds via a crowdfunding platform for drought relief (as outlined below).
For taxpayers wishing to make a contribution to a drought relief fund, it is important to be aware of the tax implications associated with making such donations.
For example, donations of $2 or more to an organisation that is a deductible gift recipient will be tax deductible.
To check to see if a particular appeal is a registered charity, the ATO has advised that taxpayers should use the ‘ABN lookup’ function on the Australian Business Register website before donating.
For those looking to raise funds through crowdfunding platforms to assist their farming business, payments received from the crowdfunding platforms may be assessable income, depending upon how the funds are used.
Where the funds are used for emergency relief (i.e., such as food and clothing), then the amounts are not assessable.
Where the funds are spent on deductible expenses (i.e., such as purchasing feed for livestock), the amount is assessable income, but will be offset by the relevant deductions obtained, ensuing there is no net taxable outcome.
Please Note: Many of the comments in this publication are general in nature and anyone intending to apply the information to practical circumstances should seek the team @ Clear Accounting Solutions to independently verify your interpretation and the information’s applicability to your particular circumstances.